How We Do It?

The following criteria are used to identify vulnerable households in the communities in which we work:

  • There is at least one orphan under the age of 18 living in the household, or
  • The biological parent(s) have abandoned the child(ren) (their whereabouts being unknown), or
  • The parents/caregiver is terminally ill, or
  • The caregiver/parent is physically, mentally or emotionally incapable of providing appropriate care to the child(ren)

AND

  • The household income is inadequate to meet the basic needs of the child(ren), or
  • The care given by the parent/caregiver is inappropriate (i.e. there is physical, sexual, emotional or economic abuse, neglect and/or exploitation), or
  • The child(ren) displays emotional and behavioural difficulties that necessitate support.

Once identified as vulnerable in terms of these criteria, households are supported via a structured system of household intervention that is designed to systematically address their basic material, physical, cognitive and emotional needs and move them from a state of vulnerability to increased stability and self-reliance within a two to three year period. With this “movement” of households through the system, Thandanani is able to redirect its existing capacity and resources to support new households as families become self-reliant and exit the system. This phased model of household support and development is outlined in the table below:

Stage 1: Identification
(Months 0 to 3)
Stage 2: Support
(Months 4 to 24)
Stage 3: Withdrawal
(Months 25 to 36)
  • Household baseline assessment
  • Fieldworker assignment & fortnightly home visits
  • Caregiver placement (needs based) and Document & Grant applications
  • Emergency food relief (needs based)
  • Provision of critical furniture & equipment (Needs based)
  • School attendance & performance assessment
  • Health assessment, education & testing
  • Monthly home visits
  • Grant access & grant usage monitoring
  • Emergency food relief (needs based & until grant secured)
  • Food garden development & support (Voluntary)Caregiver access to Self-Help / Micro Finance groups (voluntary)
  • School attendance & performance monitoring
  • School uniform provision (need & criterion based)
  • Home Based Early Childhood Development programs for Caregivers of children under 5 (Voluntary)
  • Health monitoring & treatment compliance support (Voluntary)
  • Emotional Well-being monitoring & access to individual or family counselling (voluntary)
  • Family engagement in memory work (voluntary)
  • Access to OVC life-skill program (voluntary)
  • Access to Children’s support group (voluntary)
  • Access to Caregiver support groups (voluntary)
  • Household baseline re-assessment
  • Quarterly home visits
  • Grant usage monitoring
  • Ongoing access to Self-Help / Micro Finance groups (voluntary)
  • School attendance & performance monitoring
  • Health monitoring
  • Emotional Well-being monitoring & access to individual or family counselling (voluntary)
  • Food garden monitoring and phasing out